The Piper at the Gates of Dawn: Mapping the spiritual experiences of Mole and Ratty onto a scientific analysis of mysticism
AbstractKenneth Grahameâ€™s masterpiece, The wind in the willows, contains a classic description of a religious experience as Ratty and Mole come face-to-face with the Piper at the Gates of Dawn. This chapter draws on Happoldâ€™s identification of seven characteristics of mystical experience, as amplified by the Francis-Louden Mystical Orientation Scale, to test whether Ratty and Moleâ€™s experience can be properly classified as a mystical experience. It is argued that Ratty and Moleâ€™s experience passes the test of exemplifying all seven characteristics: ineffability, noesis, transiency, passivity, consciousness of the oneness of everything, sense of timelessness, and true ego.
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